Palm oil refiners, some of which are owned by the country’s largest conglomerates, may face a bleak future if Malaysia accedes to demand under free trade pacts to dismantle the crude palm oil (CPO) tax.
Among the free trade agreements that Malaysia is negotiating are the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) agreement and European Union Free Trade Agreement (EU FTA), say refiners.
In an interview with Business Times recently, Palm Oil Refiners Association of Malaysia (Poram) chief executive officer Mohammad Jaaffar Ahmad said: “If our government were to dismantle the CPO tax as usually prescribed under free trade agreement negotiations, it will spell caresuicide for palm oil refiners here. It will cause havoc throughout the palm oil supply chain.
“The International Trade and Industry Ministry (Miti) needs to be more discerning. In negotiating for better market access into the United States and EU, it must not be hoodwinked into killing palm oil refiners here.
“If the government dismantles the CPO tax, it will sabotage the initiative to attract investments to add value to the palm oil supply chain,” he added.
The CPO export duty structure fluctuates on a monthly basis at between 4.5 and 8.5 per cent.
If palm oil prices hover between RM2,250 and RM2,400 a tonne, the tax is 4.5 per cent.
If the prices are between RM2,550 and RM2,700 a tonne, planters will be taxed 5.5 per cent. Exports of refined palm oil, however, are not taxed.
Last year, the Plantation Industry and Commodities Ministry, in wanting to reduce high stockpiles, waived export duties on five million tonnes of CPO.
The decision, however, created a loophole and led to a partially duty-free environment.
Jaaffar said five million tonnes of duty-free CPO were 27 per cent of 2012’s production. As a result of that policy move, it worsened the already lopsided trading environment, which was favouring Indonesia then.
Apart from Singapore and Japanese investors, Poram members include Felda Global Ventures Holding Bhd, IOI Corp Bhd, Sime Darby Bhd, Kuala Lumpur Kepong Bhd, and Sarawak Oil Palms Bhd.
The TPP is a multilateral deal of which the US — the lead negotiator — aims for more trade flows with Malaysia, Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, Vietnam and Japan.